Etude phytochimique et activité antioxydante de l’extrait aqueux de Pimpinella anisum L.

Amina Bekara, Nadia Ait Hamadouche, Khaled Kahloula, Nesrine Sadi, Abd-el-Kader Aoues

Abstract


L’étude expérimentale a été réalisée sur l’extrait aqueux lyophilisé des graines d’anis vert. La composition chimique de l’extrait a été analysé par la chromatographie liquide à haute performance et spectroscopie infra Rouge à transformée de Fourier. Les résultats de cette étude montre que l’extrait aqueux renferme une certaine quantité de polyphénols (2,38±0,01 mg équivalent d’acide gallique /g de poids sec de la plante), flavonoïdes (8,06 ± 0,08 mg équivalent de Quercétine / g de poids sec de la plante) et tannins (0,40±0,004 mg équivalent d’acide gallique / g de poids sec de la plante) avec l’absence d’autres groupes de composés bioactifs tel que les saponins et les stéroïdes. L’anéthole reste le composé majoritaire dans l’extrait aqueux obtenu à partir des graines d’anis vert. L’extrait de cette plante possède un pouvoir antioxydant moyen en comparaison avec les antioxydants de référence.


Keywords


Pimpinella anisum L., Activité antioxydante, Anéthole, HPLC, polyphénols, flavonoïdes.

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Please cite this Article as:

Amina Bekara, Nadia Ait Hamadouche, Khaled Kahloula, Nesrine Sadi et Abd-el-Kader Aoues. Etude phytochimique et activité antioxydante de l’extrait aqueux de Pimpinella anisum L., Algerian J. Nat. Products, 4:3 (2016) 299-307.

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